Targeting African American nonsmokers to motivate smokers to quit: A qualitative inquiry

Janet L. Thomas, Robyn M. Scherber, Diana W. Stewart, Ian M. Lynam, Christine M. Daley, Jasjit S. Ahluwalia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


African Americans bear a disproportionate health burden from smoking but are less likely than other populations to engage in cessation treatment. Intervening on adult nonsmokers residing with a smoker might represent an innovative approach to motivate smokers to engage in smoking behavior change. Twelve focus groups were conducted with African American smokers (four groups, n = 27), nonsmokers (four groups, n = 26) and pairs of cohabitating smokers and nonsmokers (four groups, n = 22) to assess attitudes and/or beliefs regarding engaging a nonsmoker in the home in smoking behavior change efforts. Participants (N = 75) were middle-aged (45.1 ±3.7 years) females (68.0%) with 11.8 ±1.5 years of education. Smokers smoked 14.9 ±11.3 cigarettes per day, made 3.0 ±4.4 quit attempts in the past year, and are interested in receiving cessation assistance from a nonsmoker in their home. African American nonsmokers living with a smoker may be an appropriate target group to motivate smoking behavior change in the smoker. Suggestions for future research considerations are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)680-693
Number of pages14
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • African American
  • home smoking restrictions
  • qualitative
  • smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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