Systems biology analysis reveals role of MDM2 in diabetic nephropathy

Rintaro Saito, Anaïs Rocanin-Arjo, Young Hyun You, Manjula Darshi, Benjamin Van Espen, Satoshi Miyamoto, Jessica Pham, Minya Pu, Simone Romoli, Loki Natarajan, Wenjun Ju, Matthias Kretzler, Robert Nelson, Keiichiro Ono, Dana Thomasova, Shrikant R. Mulay, Trey Ideker, Vivette D’Agati, Ergin Beyret, Juan Carlos Izpisua BelmonteHans Joachim Anders, Kumar Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


To derive new insights in diabetic complications, we integrated publicly available human protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks with global metabolic networks using metabolomic data from patients with diabetic nephropathy. We focused on the participating proteins in the network that were computationally predicted to connect the urine metabolites. MDM2 had the highest significant number of PPI connections. As validation, significant downregulation of MDM2 gene expression was found in both glomerular and tubulointerstitial compartments of kidney biopsy tissue from 2 independent cohorts of patients with diabetic nephropathy. In diabetic mice, chemical inhibition of MDM2 with Nutlin-3a led to reduction in the number of podocytes, increased blood urea nitrogen, and increased mortality. Addition of Nutlin-3a decreased WT1+ cells in embryonic kidneys. Both podocyte- and tubule-specific MDM2-knockout mice exhibited severe glomerular and tubular dysfunction, respectively. Interestingly, the only 2 metabolites that were reduced in both podocyte and tubule-specific MDM2-knockout mice were 3-methylcrotonylglycine and uracil, both of which were also reduced in human diabetic kidney disease. Thus, our bioinformatics tool combined with multi-omics studies identified an important functional role for MDM2 in glomeruli and tubules of the diabetic nephropathic kidney and links MDM2 to a reduction in 2 key metabolite biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere87877
JournalJCI Insight
Issue number17
StatePublished - Oct 20 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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