Systemic Semilunar Valve Replacement in Pediatric Patients Using a Porcine, Full-Root Bioprosthesis

Bhawna Gupta, Ali Dodge-Khatami, Charles D. Fraser, John H Calhoon, Makram R. Ebeid, Mary B. Taylor, Jorge D. Salazar

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Abstract

Background. Management of systemic semilunar valve disease in growing, young patients is challenging. When replacement is necessary, use of a pulmonary autograft is sometimes not possible for anatomic, pathologic, or technical reasons or due to parental or patient preference. We employed a stentless, porcine, full-root bioprosthesis in this setting and report our outcomes. Methods. Over 9 years (2005 to 2013), 24 patients of mean age 13.1 years (range, 3 months to 20.3 years) underwent operation for mixed stenosis and insufficiency in 16 of 24 (67%), pure insufficiency in 7 of 24 (29%), and pure stenosis in 1 of 24 (4%). Twenty patients had previous interventions of repair or replacement, valvuloplasty, or multiple operations. Survival, follow-up echocardiographic findings, and outcomes were documented. All patients were maintained on daily aspirin. Results. There were no hospital deaths and no early or late deaths over a mean follow-up for 23 patients of 46.1 months (range, 14 months to 9.2 years). One patient moved abroad and was lost to follow-up. Echocardiographic follow-up (mean 34.0 months) demonstrated that no patient developed more than mild insufficiency or moderate stenosis. In total, 20 of 24 (83%) showed no insufficiency and 11 of 24 patients (46%) showed no stenosis. Near or complete normalization of left ventricular mass and dimension was demonstrated. There were no explants and no thromboembolic or bleeding events. Conclusions. When use of a pulmonary autograft is not an option, the porcine full-root bioprosthesis appears favorable for systemic semilunar valve replacement in the pediatric and young adult population. Of note, when prosthetic degeneration does occur, stenosis predominates rather than insufficiency. Longer term studies are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)599-605
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume100
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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