Systemic GDF11 stimulates the secretion of adiponectin and induces a calorie restriction-like phenotype in aged mice

Lida Katsimpardi, Nicolas Kuperwasser, Claire Camus, Carine Moigneu, Aurélie Chiche, Virginie Tolle, Han Li, Erzsebet Kokovay, Pierre Marie Lledo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aging is a negative regulator of general homeostasis, tissue function, and regeneration. Changes in organismal energy levels and physiology, through systemic manipulations such as calorie restriction and young blood infusion, can regenerate tissue activity and increase lifespan in aged mice. However, whether these two systemic manipulations could be linked has never been investigated. Here, we report that systemic GDF11 triggers a calorie restriction-like phenotype without affecting appetite or GDF15 levels in the blood, restores the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway, and stimulates adiponectin secretion from white adipose tissue by direct action on adipocytes, while repairing neurogenesis in the aged brain. These findings suggest that GDF11 has a pleiotropic effect on an organismal level and that it could be a linking mechanism of rejuvenation between heterochronic parabiosis and calorie restriction. As such, GDF11 could be considered as an important therapeutic candidate for age-related neurodegenerative and metabolic disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13038
JournalAging cell
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • GDF11
  • adiponectin
  • aging
  • calorie restriction
  • heterochronic parabiosis
  • rejuvenation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

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