Synthesis of several 2-substituted 3-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-1-propenes and their characterization as mechanism-based inhibitors of dopamine β-hydroxylase

B. Rajashekhar, P. F. Fitzpatrick, G. Colombo, J. J. Villafranca

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three substrate analogs of dopamine β-hydroxylase, viz. 2-X-3-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-1-propenes (where X = Br, Cl, H), have been synthesized, and all behave as substrates requiring O2 and ascorbate for the enzyme-catalyzed hydroxylation reaction. The products have been characterized by mass spectrometry as the respective 2-X-3-hydroxy-3-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-1-propenes. The relative k(cat) values for these compounds at pH 5.5, 0.25 mM O2 are 49 min-1 (2-H), 8.6 min-1 (2-Cl), and 7.0 min-1 (2-Br). All three compounds have the characteristics of mechanism-based inhibitors of dopamine β-hydroxylase since incubation of enzyme with these compounds under turnover conditions leads to a time-dependent loss of activity. The k(inact) values at pH 5.5, 0.25 mM O2 are 0.08, 0.20, and 0.51 min-1, respectively, for the 2-Br-, 2-Cl-, and 2-H-substituted analogs. No reactivation was observed after exhaustive dialysis of enzyme inactivated by 2-Br-3-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-1-propene, suggesting irreversible inactivation of dopamine β-hydroxylase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6925-6930
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume259
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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