Young adult male rats were treated with isoproterenol during the day to induce high levels of pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and melatonin. Roughly 2 hr later when pineal NAT activity and melatonin levels were elevated, animals were given either an injection of a calcium channel blocker, i.e., either nifedipine or verapamil, or diluent. The rats were then forced to swim for 10 min in room temperature (22°C) water. Fifteen minutes after swimming onset, pineal glands were collected for measurement of NAT activity and melatonin. Swimming caused a dramatic reduction in pineal melatonin content without influencing NAT activity. Nifedipine substantially and verapamil completely blocked the drop in pineal melatonin levels due to swimming without influencing NAT activity. The results suggest that calcium may be somehow directly or indirectly involved in melatonin release from the rat pineal gland.
|Number of pages
|Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
|Published - Jan 1989
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)