Sustaining implementation facilitation: a model for facilitator resilience

Tanya T. Olmos-Ochoa, David A. Ganz, Jenny M. Barnard, Lauren Penney, Erin P. Finley, Alison B. Hamilton, Neetu Chawla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Background: Implementation facilitators enable healthcare staff to effectively implement change, yet little is known about their affective (e.g., emotional, mental, physical) experiences of facilitation. We propose an expansion to the Integrated Promoting Action on Research in Health Services (i-PARIHS) framework that introduces facilitation intensity and facilitator resilience to better assess facilitators’ affective experiences. Methods: We used an instrumental case study and facilitator data (logged reflections and debrief session notes) from the Coordination Toolkit and Coaching initiative to conceptualize facilitation intensity and facilitator resilience and to better understand the psychological impact of the facilitation process on facilitator effectiveness and implementation success. Results: We define facilitation intensity as both the quantitative and/or qualitative measure of the volume of tasks and activities needed to engage and motivate recipients in implementation, and the psychological impact on the facilitator of conducting facilitation tasks and activities. We define facilitator resilience as the ability to cope with and adapt to the complexities of facilitation in order to effectively engage and motivate staff, while nurturing and sustaining hope, self-efficacy, and adaptive coping behaviors in oneself. Conclusions: Facilitators’ affective experience may help to identify potential relationships between the facilitation factors we propose (facilitation intensity and facilitator resilience). Future studies should test ways of reliably measuring facilitation intensity and facilitator resilience and specify their relationships in greater detail. By supporting facilitator resilience, healthcare delivery systems may help sustain the skilled facilitator workforce necessary for continued practice improvement. Trial registration: The project was registered with (NCT03063294) on February 24, 2017.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number65
JournalImplementation Science Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Care coordination
  • Implementation facilitation
  • Primary care
  • Quality improvement
  • Workforce support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Health Informatics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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