Surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation using argon-based cryoablation during concomitant cardiac procedures

Charles A. Mack, Federico Milla, Wilson Ko, Leonard N. Girardi, Leonard Y. Lee, Anthony J. Tortolani, Justin Mascitelli, Karl H. Krieger, O. Wayne Isom

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47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - The development of ablative energy sources has simplified the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) during concomitant cardiac procedures. We report our results using argon-based endocardial cryoablation for the treatment of AF in patients undergoing concomitant cardiac procedures. Methods and Results - Sixty-three patients with AF who were undergoing concomitant cardiac procedures had the same left atrial endocardial lesion set using a flexible argon-based cryoablative device. Mean age was 65.1±1.3 years. Sixty-two percent had permanent AF, whereas 38% had paroxysmal AF. Mean duration of AF was 30.5±4.8 months. Mean left atrial diameter was 5.5±0.1 cm. Mean ejection fraction was 45±1.4%. All endocardial lesions were performed for 1 minute once tissue temperature reached -40°C. Follow-up echocardiograms were obtained to determine freedom from AF. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated an 88.5% freedom from AF rate at 12 months. Ablation time was 16.8±0.6 minutes. There were no in-hospital deaths and no strokes. Twelve patients (19%) required postoperative permanent pacemaker placement. Conclusions - Cryoablation using this flexible argon-based device for the treatment of AF during concomitant cardiac procedures was safe and effective, with 88.5% of patients free from AF at 12 months.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)I1-I6
JournalCirculation
Volume112
Issue number9 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 30 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ablation
  • Arrhythmia
  • Atrial flutter
  • Fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Mack, C. A., Milla, F., Ko, W., Girardi, L. N., Lee, L. Y., Tortolani, A. J., Mascitelli, J., Krieger, K. H., & Isom, O. W. (2005). Surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation using argon-based cryoablation during concomitant cardiac procedures. Circulation, 112(9 SUPPL.), I1-I6. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.104.524363