Surgical preparation: Are patients "ready" for stress urinary incontinence surgery

L. Brubaker, H. J. Litman, L. Rickey, K. Y. Dyer, A. D. Markland, L. Sirls, P. Norton, E. Casiano, M. F.R. Paraiso, C. Ghetti, D. D. Rahn, J. W. Kusek

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Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis Patient preparedness for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) surgery is associated with improvements in post-operative satisfaction, symptoms and quality of life (QoL). This planned secondary analysis examined the association of patient preparedness with surgical outcomes, treatment satisfaction and quality of life. Methods The ValUE trial compared the effect of pre-operative urodynamic studies with a standardized office evaluation of outcomes of SUI surgery at 1 year. In addition to primary and secondary outcome measures, patient satisfaction with treatment was measured using a five-point Likert scale (very dissatisfied to very satisfied) that queried subjects to rate the treatment's effect on overall incontinence, urge incontinence, SUI, and frequency. Preparedness for surgery was assessed using an 11-question Patient Preparedness Questionnaire (PPQ). Results Based on PPQ question 11, 4 out of 5 (81 %) of women reported they "agreed" or "strongly agreed" that they were prepared for surgery. Selected demographic and clinical characteristics were similar in unprepared and prepared women. Among SUI severity baseline measures, total UDI score was significantly but weakly associated with preparedness (question 11 of the PPQ; Spearman's r=0.13, p=0.001). Although preparedness for surgery was not associated with successful outcomes, it was associated with satisfaction (rs=0.11, p=0.02) and larger PGI-S improvement (increase; p=0.008). Conclusions Approximately half (48 %) of women "strongly agreed" that they felt prepared for SUI. Women with higher pre-operative preparedness scores were more satisfied, although surgical outcomes did not differ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Keywords

  • Mid-urethral sling
  • Randomized trial
  • Satisfaction
  • Stress incontinence
  • Surgical outcomes
  • Urodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

Cite this

Brubaker, L., Litman, H. J., Rickey, L., Dyer, K. Y., Markland, A. D., Sirls, L., Norton, P., Casiano, E., Paraiso, M. F. R., Ghetti, C., Rahn, D. D., & Kusek, J. W. (2014). Surgical preparation: Are patients "ready" for stress urinary incontinence surgery. International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction, 25(1), 41-46. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-013-2184-x