Surgical hip dislocation for treatment of cam femoroacetabular impingement

Milind M. Chaudhary, Ishani M. Chaudhary, K. N. Vikas, Aung Koko, Than Zaw, A. Siddhartha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Cam femoroacetabular impingement is caused by a misshapen femoral head with a reduced head neck offset, commonly in the anterolateral quadrant. Friction in flexion, adduction and internal rotation causes limitation of the hip movements and pain progressively leading to labral and chondral damage and osteoarthritis. Surgical hip dislocation described by Ganz permits full exposure of the hip without damaging its blood supply. An osteochondroplasty removes the bump at the femoral head neck junction to recreate the offset for impingement free movement. Materials and Methods: Sixteen patients underwent surgery with surgical hip dislocation for the treatment of cam femoroacetabular impingement by open osteochondroplasty over last 6 years. Eight patients suffered from sequelae of avascular necrosis (AVN). Three had a painful dysplastic hip. Two had sequelae of Perthes disease. Three had combined cam and pincer impingement caused by retroversion of acetabulum. All patients were operated by the trochanteric flip osteotomy with attachments of gluteus medius and vastus lateralis, dissection was between the piriformis and gluteus minimus preserving the external rotators. Z-shaped capsular incision and dislocation of the hip was done in external rotation. Three cases also had subtrochanteric osteotomy. Two cases of AVN also had an intraarticular femoral head reshaping osteotomy. Results: Goals of treatment were achieved in all patients. No AVN was detected after a 6 month followup. There were no trochanteric nonunions. Hip range of motion improved in all and Harris hip score improved significantly in 15 of 16 cases. Mean alpha angle reduced from 86.13° (range 66<sup>°</sup>-108<sup>°</sup>) to 46.35° (range 39<sup>°</sup>-58<sup>°</sup>). Conclusion: Cam femoroacetabular Impingement causing pain and limitation of hip movements was treated by open osteochondroplasty after surgical hip dislocation. This reduced pain, improved hip motion and gave good to excellent results in the short term.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)496-501
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Orthopaedics
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Cam lesion
  • femoroacetabular impingement
  • pincer impingement
  • surgical hip dislocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Chaudhary, M. M., Chaudhary, I. M., Vikas, K. N., Koko, A., Zaw, T., & Siddhartha, A. (2015). Surgical hip dislocation for treatment of cam femoroacetabular impingement. Indian Journal of Orthopaedics, 49(5), 496-501. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5413.164040