Sixty-seven cases of neck exploration for suspected hyperparathyroidism were reviewed. Thirty-nine patients underwent removal of an adenoma with biopsy of one or more other parathyroid glands. In another group, nine patients underwent removal of the adenoma only. Both groups have had no recurrences of hyperparathyroidism in follow-up periods of two months to twelve years. The data presented indicate that removal of a parathyroid adenoma alone, without biopsy of other tissue, represents satisfactory treatment. Experience with hyperplastic glands is also reviewed. Subtotal parathyroidectomy was effective treatment in all patients, but a 30 per cent incidence of hypocalcemia was noted after this operation.
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