Supratentorial ependymoma, zinc finger translocation-associated fusion positive, with extensive synaptophysin immunoreactivity arising from malignant transformation of clear cell ependymoma: A case report

Jacob A. Bethel, Kenneth M. James, Samon G. Tavakoli, Richard L. Crownover, Andrew J. Brenner, Alexander M. Papanastassiou, Andrea R. Gilbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: We describe a case of a supratentorial ependymoma, zinc finger translocation-associated (ZFTA) fusion positive with extensive synaptophysin immunoreactivity arising from malignant transformation of an ependymoma with clear cell features in a patient with long-term follow-up. Case Description: A 55-year-old woman presented with seizures and ataxia 15 years after an initial resection of a clear cell ependymoma, Grade 2. Imaging demonstrated an enhancing right paracentral mass and the patient underwent biopsy and resection. Microscopic analysis showed regions of the tumor with morphological and immunohistochemical features typical of ependymoma, including perivascular pseudorosettes and focal dot-like epithelial membrane antigen positivity, as well as high-grade features. In addition, the neoplasm contained large nodular regions of clear cells exhibiting extensive synaptophysin immunoreactivity, suggestive of neural differentiation, and only focally positive immunoreactivity for glial markers. Electron microscopy showed poorly formed and ill-defined junctional complexes, but no cilia, microvilli, or dense granules were seen. Molecular profiling revealed the presence of a fusion between ZFTA (previously known as C11orf95) and RELA fusion. Conclusion: We report a case of extensive synaptophysin immunoreactivity in a ZFTA-RELA fusion-positive ependymoma that had undergone malignant transformation from a clear cell ependymoma and has long-term follow-up, contributing to the assessment of prognostic significance of synaptophysin immunoreactivity in supratentorial ependymoma, ZFTA fusion positive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number168
JournalSurgical Neurology International
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Anaplastic ependymoma
  • C11orf95
  • Clear cell ependymoma
  • Neuronal differentiation
  • RELA fusion
  • Zinc finger translocation associated

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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