Sulfhydryl groups on yeast ribosomal proteins L7 and L26 are significantly more reactive in the 80 S particles than in the 60 S subunits

J. C. Lee, P. M. Horowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The sulfhydryl-directed fluorescent reagent, 5-iodoacetamidofluorescein (IAF), reacts differently with proteins from the 60 S ribosomal subunit of Saccharomyces cerevisiae when this subunit is free as opposed to being contained within the 80 S ribosome. When the 80 S ribosomes and the free 60 S subunits were labeled with IAF, the specific fluorescence intensity (fluorescence intensity unit/A260 60 S subunit) of the subsequently derived 60 S was 16.3 and 5.4, respectively. Gel analysis showed that proteins L7 and L26 were selectively labeled and contained >90% of the total fluorescent label, when 80 S ribosomes were labeled. When free 60 S subunits were labeled, six additional proteins were labeled. Both types of modified 60 S subunits were equally capable to support protein synthesis in vitro. Reassociation of the IAF-labeled derived and free 60 S subunits with unmodified 40 S subunits resulted in a maximum of 5-7% decrease and a 3-fold increase, respectively, in the fluorescence intensity without a shift in the emission maxima. The data suggest that ribosomal proteins L7 and L26 contain SH groups that respond to ribosomal subunit association and become more reactive in the intact ribosome than in the subunit. The environments of some or all of the additionally labeled proteins are also sensitive to subunit reassociation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2502-2506
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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