The authors report the successful delivery, preoperative management, and postoperative courses of ischiopagus tripus twin girls successfully separated at 5 months of age. Surgical objectives were predicted on survival and optimum postseparation reconstructive potential for both girls. Each twin has subsequently undergone additional procedures, and both are doing well 2 years after separation. The authors reviewed 17 known cases of ischiopagus tripus separation, comparing anatomic findings, use of the tripus limb, operative strategies, and attainment of abdominal closure. This 18th case includes the first report of splitting the tripus limb and giving each girl a femur. The authors found that detailed systemic investigation, advanced coordinated teamwork with appropriate technical support, applications of new technologies or reapplication of existing technologies, meticulous planning, and favorable anatomy were vital in yielding favorable outcomes.
- Conjoined twins
- Ischiopagus tripus
- Tissue expansion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health