Background: Rupture of infectious intracranial aneurysms (IIAs) is associated with a high likelihood of mortality. Endovascular treatment of IIAs via parent artery sacrifice offers good efficacy and outcomes; however, depending on the lesion’s location, neurologic deficit may result. Case description: We describe a pediatric patient with ruptured IIAs off the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) treated with coil embolization and endovascular flow diversion using the Pipeline Flex Embolization Device (PED) with Shield technology. We chose to place a flow diverter because 1) there was a second, more distal IIA not amenable to direct coil embolization, 2) there was significant potential for aneurysm regrowth and need for retreatment, and 3) we believed the diseased parent MCA needed to be reconstructed. Conclusions: In the setting of previous hemicraniectomy, PED-Shield gave us the option to discontinue dual antiplatelet therapy should the patient require further neurosurgical intervention. Our case supports a role for PED-Shield to address ruptured pseudoaneurysms.
- Infectious intracranial aneurysm
- Pipeline Embolization Device
- flow diversion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine