Background. Three patients received liver/heart transplantation, and we report their successful outcome. Methods. Two patients had alcoholic cirrhosis and dilated cardiomyopathy; one had cryptogenic liver disease and idiopathic cardiomyopathy. Results. All patients had evidence of portal hypertension and coagulopathy. The cardiac transplants were performed first. Cardiopulmonary bypass was discontinued in favor of renovenous bypass, and liver transplantation was then performed. All patients developed acute tubular necrosis; two required a brief period of hemodialysis. There was only one episode of acute cellular rejection of the liver. Protocol endomyocardial biopsies in all three patients revealed no evidence of rejection. All patients are currently using low doses of immunosuppressive medications and have normal liver chemistry tests and cardiac function; two patients have mild renal insufficiency. Conclusion. In selected patients with severe cardiac dysfunction and advanced liver disease, liver/heart transplantation can be successfully performed even in the face of portal hypertension and coagulopathy.
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