Mitochondrial NAD(H)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase was purified from Saccharomyces cerevisiae for analyses of subunit structure and expression. Two subunits of the enzyme with different molecular weights (39,000 and 40,000) and slightly different isoelectric points were resolved by denaturing electrophoretic techniques. Sequence analysis of the purified subunits showed that the polypeptides have different amino termini. By using an antiserum to the native enzyme prepared in rabbits, subunit-specific immunoglobulin G fractions were obtained by affinity purification, indicating that the subunits are also immunochemically distinct. The levels of NAD(H)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase activity and immunoreactivity were found to correlate closely with those of a second tricarboxylic acid cycle enzyme, malate dehydrogenase, in yeast cells grown under a variety of conditions. S. cerevisiae mutants with defects in NAD(H)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase were identified by screening a collection of yeast mutants with acetate-negative growth phenotypes. Immunochemical assays were used to demonstrate that one mutant strain lacks the 40,000-molecular-weight subunit (IDH1) and that a second strain lacks the 39,000-molecular-weight subunit (IDH2). Mitochondria isolated from the IDH1 and IDH2 mutants exhibited a markedly reduced capacity for utilization of either isocitrate or citrate for respiratory O2 consumption. This confirms an essential role for NAD(H)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase in oxidative functions in the tricarboxylic acid cycle.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology