Subclavian perivascular block of the brachial plexus was used in 156 adult patients undergoing orthopedic hand and forearm surgery. The location of the elicited paresthesia prior to deposition of 30 ml of a solution containing 1% mepivacaine, 0.2% tetracaine and 1.200,000 epinephrine was recorded. Twenty minutes later the quality of the block in the distribution of the superior, middle and inferior trunks of the brachial plexus was evaluated. Anesthesia in each of the three trunks was compared with the three sites where the paresthesia was elicited (superior, middle, or inferior trunk). A middle trunk paresthesia was the most successful in producing surgical anesthesia of all three trunks. A superior trunk paresthesia was the paresthesia most often elicited. It resulted in a significant lower incidence of inferior trunk anesthesia than did a middle or inferior trunk paresthesia. Complications included arterial puncture (25.6%), Horner's syndrome (64.1%), and recurrent laryngeal nerve block (1.3%), with no instances of symptomatic phrenic block or symptomatic pneumothorax.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Anesthesia and analgesia|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1989|
- Anesthetic techniques, regional - brachial plexus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine