Subciliary vs. transconjunctival approach for the management of orbital floor and periorbital fractures: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Essam Ahmed Al-Moraissi, Seth R. Thaller, Edward Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose This study compared complications between subciliary and transconjunctival approaches to the infraorbital rim/orbital floor, using systematic review and meta-analysis. Materials and Methods A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. An electronic search in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library was performed. Randomized controlled and controlled (retrospective or prospective) clinical studies, with the aim of comparing subciliary to transconjunctival approaches in the management of infraorbital rim/orbital floor fractures, were included. Outcome variables were lower lid malposition including ectropion, entropion, scleral shows, canthal malpositions, and others complications. An odds ratio (OR) of outcome variables, using a Mantel–Haenszel (M−H) test with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs), was calculated using Comprehensive Meta-analysis Software. A descriptive analysis of postoperative complications was also presented. Results The subciliary approach had a significantly higher incidence of ectropion and scleral show when compared with the subconjunctival approach (p < 0.001). The subconjunctival approach had a significantly higher incidence of entropion than the subciliary approach (p < 0.001). Conclusions Both the subciliary and the transconjunctival approaches are associated with specific complications. Overall, the transconjunctival approach shows the lowest incidence of complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1647-1654
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume45
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Orbital floor
  • Periorbital fractures
  • Subciliary approach
  • Transconjunctival approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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