Studies of immune responses in mice prone to autoimmune disorders. I. Heterogeneity of the affinities of antihapten antibodies produced by NZB, NZW, and related strains of mice

Edmond A. Goidl, Gabriel Fernandes, Marc E. Weksler, Gregory W. Siskind, Robert A. Good

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Mice of the NZB and NZW strains and their F1 hybrid produce antihapten plaque-forming cell (PFC) responses to T-dependent antigens (trinitrophenylated bovine gamma globulin and dansylated keyhole limpet hemocyanin) which are of unusually restricted heterogeneity of affinity, are relatively lacking in low-affinity PFC, and are of relatively high average affinity. Since some low-affinity PFC are present in NZB mice early after immunization, the results suggest a particularly marked down-regulation of low-affinity antibody production by these strains. The non-autoimmune-prone F1 hybrid (NZB × CBA) produces a typical heterogeneous response containing a high proportion of low-affinity PFC. Thus, the tendency to down-regulate low-affinity PFC is not inherited as a simple Mendelian dominant trait. The response of NZB mice to T-independent antigens does not show the same restricted heterogeneity of affinity. In fact, late after injections of trinitrophenylated Ficoll, NZB mice tend to have more heterogeneous responses than nonautoimmune-prone BALB/c mice in which a marked down-regulation of high-affinity antibody-producing PFC is seen. The possible relationship between these unusual features of the immune response of NZB and some related strains and their tendency to develop autoimmune disease is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-30
Number of pages11
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1983

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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