Structural basis of interdomain communication in the Hsc70 chaperone

Jianwen Jiang, Kondury Prasad, Eileen M. Lafer, Rui Sousa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

234 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hsp70 family proteins are highly conserved chaperones involved in protein folding, degradation, targeting and translocation, and protein complex remodeling. They are comprised of an N-terminal nucleotide binding domain (NBD) and a C-terminal protein substrate binding domain (SBD). ATP binding to the NBD alters SBD conformation and substrate binding kinetics, but an understanding of the mechanism of interdomain communication has been hampered by the lack of a crystal structure of an intact chaperone. We report here the 2.6 Å structure of a functionally intact bovine Hsc70 (bHsc70) and a mutational analysis of the observed interdomain interface and the immediately adjacent interdomain linker. This analysis identifies interdomain interactions critical for chaperone function and supports an allosteric mechanism in which the interdomain linker invades and disrupts the interdomain interface when ATP binds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-524
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Cell
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 23 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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