Stromal-cell-derived extracellular matrix promotes the proliferation and retains the osteogenic differentiation capacity of mesenchymal stem cells on three-dimensional scaffolds

Ben Antebi, Zhi Liang Zhang, Yu Wang, Zhong Ding Lu, Xiao Dong Chen, Jian Ling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

To date, expansion of bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is typically carried out on two-dimensional (2D) tissue culture plastic. Since this 2D substratum is very different from the physiological situation, MSCs gradually lose their unique multipotent properties during expansion. Recently, the role of the extracellular matrix (ECM) microenvironment ("niche") in facilitating and regulating stem cell behavior in vivo has been elucidated. As a result, investigators have shifted their efforts toward developing three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds capable of functioning like the native tissue ECM. In this study, we demonstrated that stromal-cell-derived ECM, formed within a collagen/hydroxyapatite (Col/HA) scaffold to mimic the bone marrow "niche," promoted MSC proliferation and preserved their differentiation capacity. The ECM was synthesized by MSCs to reconstitute the tissue-specific 3D microenvironment in vitro. Following deposition of the ECM inside Col/HA scaffold, the construct was decellularized and reseeded with MSCs to study their behavior. The data showed that MSCs cultured on the ECM-Col/HA scaffolds grew significantly faster than the cells from the same batch cultured on the regular Col/HA scaffolds. In addition, MSCs cultured on the ECM-Col/HA scaffolds retained their "stemness" and osteogenic differentiation capacity better than MSCs cultured on regular Col/HA scaffolds. When ECM-Col/HA scaffolds were implanted into immunocompromised mice, with or without loading MSCs, it was found that those scaffolds formed less bone as compared with regular Col/HA scaffolds (i.e., without ECM), in both cases of with or without loading MSCs. The in vivo study further confirmed that the ECM-Col/HA scaffold was a suitable mimic of the bone marrow "niche." This novel 3D stromal-cell-derived ECM system has the potential to be developed into a biomedical platform for regenerative medicine applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-181
Number of pages11
JournalTissue Engineering - Part C: Methods
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Stromal-cell-derived extracellular matrix promotes the proliferation and retains the osteogenic differentiation capacity of mesenchymal stem cells on three-dimensional scaffolds'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this