Stress and social support as predictors of dietary compliance in hemodialysis patients

Polly B. Hitchcock, Phillip J. Brantley, Glenn N. Jones, G. Tipton McKnight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the effects of minor stress on variations in biochemical indices of dietary compliance in hemodialysis patients. Subjects completed the Schedule of Recent Events, the Weekly Stress Inventory, and the Social Support Questionnaire. In addition, two biochemical measures of dietary compliance were obtained from the patients’ medical charts. Multiple regression analysis, with baseline levels of compliance and the relatively stable influence of major life events and social support controlled for, revealed that minor stress was significantly predictive of changes in dietary compliance. The results suggest that minor stress may affect health status in the chronically ill by reducing compliance behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Compliance
  • Hemodialysis
  • Social support
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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