Finite element analysis was used to characterize the local stresses at the bone-implant interface of 2 different types of glenoid components presently used in unconstrained total shoulder arthroplasty. A series of 2-dimensional finite element meshes was developed to model the glenoid in 2 mutually perpendicular planes with and without implanted components. One of the implants modeled was a cemented all-polyethylene component, and the second was an uncemented metal-backed component. A variety of parameters were studied including the resultant loading direction (concentric versus eccentric), keel geometry, subchondral bone integrity, and cement mantle size. Results of the analyses show that the cemented all-polyethylene design demonstrated an overall stress pattern that was closer to that of the intact glenoid. When the effects of concentric and eccentric loading conditions were compared, the overall stress magnitudes in the subchondral bone were found to be much lower with the uncemented metal-backed component than with its cemented all-polyethylene counterpart. This finding suggests that some degree of stress shielding may be associated with the metal-backed component. In addition, under both the concentric and eccentric loading conditions, extremely high stress regions were found within the polyethylene near the polyethylene-metal interface of the uncemented metal-backed component.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine