Surgically stressed rats maintained with total parenteral nutrition (TPN) exhibit jejunal atrophy, which can be attenuated by insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) but not by growth hormone (GH) treatment. In order to understand the basis for the selective action of IGF-I, the levels of mRNAs encoding IGF-I, IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs), IGF-I receptor, and GH receptor/binding protein (GHR/GHBP) were determined in rats given TPN and treated with GH, IGF-I, or GH + IGF-I. GH treatment significantly stimulated hepatic IGF-I mRNA. IGF-I treatment did not alter liver IGF-I mRNA, nor was there any evidence for interaction between GH and IGF-I. Jejunal mucosa IGF-I mRNA was extremely low and was not altered by TPN or by any of the hormonal treatments. The Inability of GH to stimulate jejunal growth was not associated with a deficiency in GHR/GHBP mRNA. In jejunal mucosa, IGF-I and GH treatment independently and synergistically stimulated IGFBP-3 mRNA. IGF-I stimulated jejunal IGFBP-5 mRNA, but GH had no effect on IGFBP-5 mRNA. The levels of IGF-I receptor and IGFBP-1,2,4, and 6 mRNAs were extremely low and/or were not altered by any of the treatments. These results suggest that the ability of exogenous IGF-I, but not GH, to induce IGFBP-5 mRNA in jejunal mucosa may lead to the selective growth-promoting effect of IGF-I. Jejunal mucosa IGFBP-3 mRNA levels were not correlated with altered growth. We postulate that IGFBP-5 positively modulates the anabolic effects induced by exogenous IGF-I in the jejunum.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Experimental Biology and Medicine|
|State||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)