Stimulation of DNA replication in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by a glutamine- and proline-rich transcriptional activation domain

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Abstract

Glutamine-rich Sp1 and proline-rich CTF1, two extensively studied mammalian transcription factors, bind to origins of replication in DNA tumor viruses and stimulate viral DNA replication in mammalian cells. Here it is shown that, when tethered to a plasmid-borne cellular origin of replication, the activation domains of both proteins can enhance origin function in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Hydrophobic patches in Sp1 and CTF1 that mediate transcriptional activation in higher eukaryotes are also important for activation of replication in yeast. However, only the activation domain of CTF1 can enhance initiation of replication from a chromosomally embedded origin. This correlates with the ability of CTF1 to alter the local chromatin structure around the chromosomal origin of replication. The CTF1-induced chromatin remodeling occurs at multiple stages of the cell cycle. These findings strongly suggest a high degree of conservation in the mechanisms used by various types of transcription factors to stimulate viral and cellular DNA replication in eukaryotes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30310-30314
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Replication Origin
Glutamine
DNA Replication
Proline
Yeast
Transcriptional Activation
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Chemical activation
Viral DNA
Eukaryota
DNA
Transcription Factors
DNA Tumor Viruses
Chromatin
Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly
Cells
Cell Cycle
Plasmids
Yeasts
Viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Glutamine-rich Sp1 and proline-rich CTF1, two extensively studied mammalian transcription factors, bind to origins of replication in DNA tumor viruses and stimulate viral DNA replication in mammalian cells. Here it is shown that, when tethered to a plasmid-borne cellular origin of replication, the activation domains of both proteins can enhance origin function in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Hydrophobic patches in Sp1 and CTF1 that mediate transcriptional activation in higher eukaryotes are also important for activation of replication in yeast. However, only the activation domain of CTF1 can enhance initiation of replication from a chromosomally embedded origin. This correlates with the ability of CTF1 to alter the local chromatin structure around the chromosomal origin of replication. The CTF1-induced chromatin remodeling occurs at multiple stages of the cell cycle. These findings strongly suggest a high degree of conservation in the mechanisms used by various types of transcription factors to stimulate viral and cellular DNA replication in eukaryotes.",
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