Stillbirth in the Pregnancy Complicated by Diabetes

Roman Starikov, Donald Dudley, Uma M. Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pregestational diabetes currently complicates 4 % of pregnancies, while gestational diabetes complicates approximately 8 % of pregnancies. Increased risk of stillbirth in diabetic pregnancies has been a well-known and recognized complication for decades. While stillbirth rates for diabetic pregnancies have decreased due to screening, treatment, and antenatal surveillance of these patients, about 4 % of all stillbirths remain attributable to diabetes, and diabetic pregnancies continue to be at increased risk for perinatal mortality. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and prevention, as well as future research, of diabetes-associated perinatal mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCurrent Diabetes Reports
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Hemoglobin A1c
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Pregestational diabetes mellitus
  • Stillbirth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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