Statewide Trends in Intracranial Pressure Monitor Use in 36,915 Patients with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in a Mature Trauma System over the Past 18 Years

Nikolaos Mouchtouris, Justin Turpin, Nohra Chalouhi, Fadi Al Saiegh, Thana Theofanis, Somnath Das, Syed Omar Shah, Jack Jallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Intracranial pressure (ICP)–guided therapy has been the mainstay of treatment of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), but recent data have questioned its efficacy. The aim of this study was to demonstrate trends in compliance to TBI guidelines and use of ICP-guided care in a mature trauma system. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 36,915 patients with severe TBI collected by the Pennsylvania Trauma Systems Foundation. The registry includes all patients >18 years old with a diagnosis of TBI with a Glasgow Coma Scale score ≤8 who were admitted from January 2000 to December 2017. Results: Of 36,915 patients, 73.6% were men with a median age of 43.0 ± 21.3 years. An ICP monitor was placed in 16.3% of all patients. The rate of ICP monitoring ranged from 17.8% of patients in 2000–2004 to 16.7% in 2005–2009, 16.4% in 2010–2014, and 12.8% in 2015–2017 (P < 0.001). The most statistically significant decrease was noted from 2014 (16.4%) to 2015 (14.1%, P = 0.042). The percent decrease in ICP monitoring from 2000–2014 to 2015–2017 was equivalent for patients with Glasgow Coma Scale scores of 3–5 (−4.0%) and 6–8 (−4.5%). Conclusions: As studies emerged that demonstrated unclear benefit of ICP monitoring in improving care in patients with severe TBI, there was a significant statewide decline in the use of ICP monitoring after 2014 among all TBI subpopulations despite noteworthy limitations in the aforementioned studies and clear recommendations from the Brain Trauma Foundation guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e166-e171
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume130
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Intracranial pressure monitoring
  • Neurocritical care
  • Trauma
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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