Stage of Change Advancement for Diabetes Self-Management Behaviors and Glucose Control

Michael L. Parchman, Teshia G. Arambula-Solomon, Polly Hitchcock Noël, Anne C. Larme, Jacqueline A. Pugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE This study was conducted to evaluate whether patients with type 2 diabetes who participated in diabetes education advanced through stages of change for self-management behaviors and to determine if movement was related to glucose control. METHODS A cohort of 428 patients with type 2 diabetes participated in a traditional diabetes education program in a large urban center in the Southwest. The sample was predominantly female with less than a high school education, a mean age of 52 years, and a mean duration of diabetes of 7 years. Two interviews were conducted approximately 9 months apart, at 1 to 4 weeks before the educational program and at 6 months after completing it. Blood specimens were collected at each interview to measure hemoglobin A1C (A1C) levels. RESULTS Most of the patients advanced 1 or more stages of change for at least 1 self-management behavior. Those with diabetes for less than 2 years were significantly more likely to advance at least 1 stage of change for diet and exercise than those with diabetes for more than 2 years. Such advancement was significantly associated with a decline in A1C. CONCLUSIONS Patients with type 2 diabetes who participated in diabetes education advanced through stages of change for self-care behaviors. The intervention was more effective for those with a shorter duration of diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)128-134
Number of pages7
JournalThe Diabetes Educator
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)

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