This study examines the short-term stability of bimaxillary surgery following Le Fort I impaction with simultaneous bilateral sagittal split osteotomies and mandibular advancement using two standard techniques of post-surgical fixation. Fifteen adults had skeletal plus dental maxillomandibular fixation, and fifteen adults had rigid internal fixation using bone plates in the maxilla and bicortical bone screws between the proximal and distal segments in the mandible. The group with rigid internal fixation did not undergo maxillomandibular fixation. Radiographic cephalograms were analyzed during the postsurgical period to evaluate skeletal and dental stability. There was no statistical difference in postsurgical stability with rigid internal fixation or skeletal plus dental maxillomandibular fixation other than the vertical position of the maxillary molar; the skeletal plus dental maxillomandibular fixation group had a significant amount of post-surgical intrusion of the maxillary molar when compared with the rigid internal fixation group. Although the other measures showed no statistically significant difference between the experimental groups, the amount of variability in postsurgical stability in the group with skeletal plus dental maxillomandibular fixation was greater than that found in the group with rigid internal fixation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery