Spontaneous pathology of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) and tamarins (Saguinus oedipus, Saguinus mystax)

John M. David, Edward J. Dick, Gene B. Hubbard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Background: Marmosets and tamarins are increasingly used in research, but their pathology remains poorly defined compared with Old World primates. Method: Necropsy records of 129 marmosets and 52 tamarins were reviewed; none was used experimentally. Results: The most common marmoset lesions were dehydration, emaciation, nephritis, colitis, and inanition. The most common tamarin lesions were dehydration, ascites, emaciation, and congestive heart failure. Colitis and heart disease were the most common cause of death in marmosets and tamarins, respectively. Immature marmoset and tamarin deaths often occurred within the first month of life. Immature marmosets usually died from inanition, stillbirth, and colitis; immature tamarins from atelectasis, stillbirth, heart failure, and colitis. Lymphoma was the most common neoplasm for both marmosets and tamarins. Conclusion: The findings were similar to prior reports with differences in frequency and severity. We report the first case of endometriosis in a marmoset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-359
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of medical primatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Callitrichidae
  • Cancer
  • Disease
  • Epidemiology
  • Non-human primate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)


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