Sphingosine-1-phosphate induces Gαi-coupled, PI3K/ras-dependent smooth muscle cell migration

William Tanski, Elisa Roztocil, Mark G. Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Sphingolipids such as sphingosine-1-phosphate (S-1-P) are potent extracellular mediators released in response to vessel injury. S-1-P binds to G-protein-coupled receptors, which can be either Gαi or Gαq linked. This study examines the signaling pathways involved in vascular smooth muscle cell migration after stimulation by S-1-P. We hypothesized that S-1-P stimulates migration of smooth muscle cells that is dependent upon a Gαi-coupled receptor, ras, phosphoinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K), and ERK 1/2. Methods. Vascular smooth muscle cells were cultured in vitro. A linear wound assay and Boyden chamber assay of migration were employed in the presence of S-1-P and inhibitors of Gαi [pertussis toxin (PTx), 100)ng/ml], Gαq (GP-2A, 10 μM), ras [manumycin A (MA), 10 μM], PI3-K [Wortmannin (Wn), 10 μM], and MEK1 [PD98059 (PD), 25 μM]. Western blotting was performed separately to examine p42/p44 MAP kinase (ERK 1/2) activation in response to S-1-P with these inhibitors. Results. S-1-P induced vascular smooth muscle cell migration. This response was decreased by preincubation with PTx, suggesting a receptor linked, Gαi-mediated response. Application of a Gαq inhibitor did not affect this response. S-1-P induced ERK 1/2 phosphorylation in a time-dependent manner. This S-1-P-induced cell migration was PD-sensitive in the Boyden chamber assay, confirming that it is MEK1- and ERK 1/2-dependent. Inhibition of ras with MA and PI3-K with Wn also reduced ERK phosphorylation and smooth muscle cell migration in response to S-1-P. Conclusion. S-1-P induces smooth muscle cell migration through a Gαi-linked, ras- and PI3-K-coupled, ERK) 1/2-dependent process. Understanding signal transduction will allow targeted molecular interventions to treat the response of a vessel to injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-106
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume108
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Migration
  • Signal transduction
  • Sphingosine-1-phosphate
  • Vascular smooth muscle cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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