Spectral analyses of sleep EEG in depressed offspring of fathers with or without a positive history of alcohol abuse or dependence: A pilot study

Ronald E. Dahl, Douglas E. Williamson, Michele A. Bertocci, Mary V. Stolz, Neal D. Ryan, Cindy L. Ehlers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study was designed to examine the effects of family history of alcohol use disorders on spectral electroencephalographic (EEG) sleep measures obtained in a sample of youth with depression. We evaluated sleep in 32 depressed youth (8-16 years of age) with and without a family history of alcohol use disorders. Eighteen of the participants (10 males and 8 females) reported a positive paternal history of alcohol use disorders and made up the family history positive (FHP) group. Power-spectral analyses revealed that increased power in the 7.50-11.00 Hz band (slow alpha) was associated with boys in the FHP group for the first and second non-rapid eye movement (REM) periods, second REM period, awake during the night, and entire night period. Results also showed increased power in the higher alpha frequencies (11.00-12.25 Hz) for non-REM, REM, and awake periods. A significant increase in spectral power was also observed in boys in the FHP group in the delta frequencies (0.75-4.50 Hz) during the second REM period. These findings are consistent with results from previous studies, demonstrating that EEG alpha power is positively associated with a family history of alcohol use disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-200
Number of pages8
JournalAlcohol
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Eye movements
sleep
genealogy
Fathers
Alcoholism
Sleep
father
abuse
alcohol
Alcohols
REM Sleep
Eye Movements
Group
Power (Psychology)
Depression

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Depressed adolescents
  • Paternal offspring
  • Sleep EEG
  • Spectral analyses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Toxicology
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Spectral analyses of sleep EEG in depressed offspring of fathers with or without a positive history of alcohol abuse or dependence : A pilot study. / Dahl, Ronald E.; Williamson, Douglas E.; Bertocci, Michele A.; Stolz, Mary V.; Ryan, Neal D.; Ehlers, Cindy L.

In: Alcohol, Vol. 30, No. 3, 01.07.2003, p. 193-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dahl, Ronald E. ; Williamson, Douglas E. ; Bertocci, Michele A. ; Stolz, Mary V. ; Ryan, Neal D. ; Ehlers, Cindy L. / Spectral analyses of sleep EEG in depressed offspring of fathers with or without a positive history of alcohol abuse or dependence : A pilot study. In: Alcohol. 2003 ; Vol. 30, No. 3. pp. 193-200.
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