Spect imaging of dopamine transporters in human brain with iodine-123- fluoroalkyl analogs of β-CIT

Anissa Abi-Dargham, Mitchell S. Gandelman, Gabriel A. DeErausquin, Yolanda Zea-Ponce, Sami S. Zoghbi, Ronald M. Baldwin, Marc Laruelle, Dennis S. Charney, Paul B. Hoffer, John L. Neumeyer, Robert B. Innis

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139 Scopus citations


Iodine-123-2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl)tropane (β-CIT) is a useful SPECT tracer for imaging the dopamine transporter. Its slow kinetics, however, necessitate imaging on the day after the injection. Two N-ω- fluoroalkyl analogs of β-CIT, the fluoropropyl and fluoroethyl compounds (β-CIT-FP and β-CIT-FE, respectively), characterized by faster kinetics in baboons, were tested in humans as potential tracers for the dopamine transporter. Four healthy volunteers were injected with [123]-β-CIT-FP and another four were injected with [123]β-CIT-FE. SPECT data were acquired for 1149 ± 590 min and 240 ± 30 min, respectively. Both tracers demonstrated high brain uptake (6.37% ± 0.37% and 7.8% ± 1.5% of the injected dose, respectively). Activity concentrated with time in the striatal area, reaching a peak within 30 min, with little or no washout for [123]β-CIT-FP and a faster washout for [123I]β-CIT-FE (14.7% ± 6.9%). Occipital and midbrain activity showed similar patterns, displaying a peak within 15 min and rapid washout, followed by stable levels at approximately 100 min for both tracers. The ratio of peak specific striatal- to-peak specific midbrain activity was 9.1 ± 1.8 for [123I]β-CIT-FP and 7.7 ± 0.7 for [123I]β-CIT-FE, showing high in vivo selectivity for the dopamine transporter. These preliminary results suggest that both compounds could be used as SPECT(labeled with 123I) or PET (labeled with 18F) radiotracers to image the dopamine transporters in the living human brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1129-1133
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • dopamine transporters
  • iodine-123-β-CIT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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