Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Spasm is a descriptive term for an involuntary muscle contraction. When painful, spasms are often referred to as cramps. The anatomical origin of spasms always involves muscles, but the causative mechanism can be localized within the muscle or in other areas of the nervous system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Movement Disorders
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9780123741059
ISBN (Print)9780123741011
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Dystonia
  • Hemifacial spasm
  • Muscle cramps
  • Spasm
  • Spasticity
  • Tics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)

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