Sparse low-dimensional causal modeling for the analysis of brain function

Dushyant Sahoo, Nicolas Honnorat, Christos Davatzikos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) provides a means to study how the information is processed in the brain. This modality has been increasingly used to estimate dynamical interactions between brain regions. However, the noise and the limited temporal resolution obtained from typical rs-fMRI scans make the extraction of reliable dynamical interactions challenging. In this work, we propose a new approach to tackle these issues. We estimate Granger Causality in full resolution rs-fMRI data by fitting sparse low-dimensional multivariate autoregressive models. We elaborate an efficient optimization strategy by combining spatial and temporal dimensionality reduction, extrapolation and stochastic gradient descent. We demonstrate by processing the rs-fMRI scans of the hundred unrelated Human Connectome Project subjects that our method captures interpretable brain interactions, in particular when a differentiable sparsity-inducing regularization is introduced in our framework.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2019
Subtitle of host publicationImage Processing
EditorsElsa D. Angelini, Elsa D. Angelini, Elsa D. Angelini, Bennett A. Landman
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510625457
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
EventMedical Imaging 2019: Image Processing - San Diego, United States
Duration: Feb 19 2019Feb 21 2019

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume10949
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceMedical Imaging 2019: Image Processing
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period2/19/192/21/19

Keywords

  • Auto-regressive modeling
  • Brain dynamics
  • Functional MRI (fMRI)
  • Granger Causality
  • Granger causality
  • Resting state analysis
  • Sparse Modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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