Sources of NADPH in yeast vary with carbon source

Karyl I. Minard, Lee McAlister-Henn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Scopus citations


Production of NADPH in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells grown on glucose has been attributed to glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (Zwf1p) and a cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenase (Ald6p) (Grabowska, D., and Chelstowska, A. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278, 13984-13988). This was based on compensation by overexpression of Ald6p for phenotypes associated with ZWF1 gene disruption and on the apparent lethality resulting from co-disruption of ZWF1 and ALD6 genes. However, we have found that a zwf1Δald6Δ mutant can be constructed by mating when tetrads are dissected on plates with a nonfermentable carbon source (lactate), a condition associated with expression of another enzymatic source of NADPH, cytosolic NADP+-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (Idp2p). We demonstrated previously that a zwf1Δidp2Δ mutant loses viability when shifted to medium with oleate or acetate as the carbon source, apparently because of the inadequate supply of NADPH for cellular antioxidant systems. In contrast, the zwf1Δald6Δ mutant grows as well as the parental strain in similar shifts. In addition, the zwf1Δald6Δ mutant grows slowly but does not lose viability when shifted to culture medium with glucose as the carbon source, and the mutant resumes growth when the glucose is exhausted from the medium. Measurements of NADP(H) levels revealed that NADPH may not be rapidly utilized in the zwf1Δald6Δ mutant in glucose medium, perhaps because of a reduction in fatty acid synthesis associated with loss of Ald6p. In contrast, levels of NADP+ rise dramatically in the zwf1Δidp2Δ mutant in acetate medium, suggesting a decrease in production of NADPH reducing equivalents needed both for biosynthesis and for antioxidant functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39890-39896
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number48
StatePublished - Dec 2 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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