Soluble endoglin, transforming growth factor-beta 1 and soluble tumor necrosis factor alpha receptors in different clinical manifestations of preeclampsia

Luiza O. Perucci, Karina B. Gomes, Letícia G. Freitas, Lara C. Godoi, Patrícia N. Alpoim, Melina B. Pinheiro, Aline S. Miranda, Antônio L. Teixeira, Luci M. Dusse, Lirlândia P. Sousa

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58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Despite intensive research, the etiopathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE) remains uncertain. Inflammatory and angiogenic factors are thought to play considerable roles in this disease. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between soluble endoglin (sEng), transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β1) and tumor necrosis factor alpha soluble receptors (sTNF-Rs) and the clinical manifestations of PE. Methods: Plasma levels of sEng, TGF-β1 and sTNF-Rs were determined by ELISA in 23 non-pregnant, 21 normotensive pregnant and 43 PE women. PE women were stratified into subgroups according to the severity [mild (n = 12) and severe (n = 31)] and onset-time of the disease [early (n = 19) and late (n = 24)]. Results: Pregnancy was associated with higher levels of sEng, sTNF-R1 and sTNF-R2 than the non-pregnant state. Moreover, PE women had higher levels of sEng and sTNF-R1 than normotensive pregnant women. No difference was found in TGF-β1 levels, comparing the three study groups. Late PE had higher levels of sTNF-R1 and sTNF-R2 than early PE. No significant differences were found in sEng and TGF-β1 comparing early and late PE. sEng levels were higher in severe PE than in mild PE and no difference was found for TGF-β1, sTNF-R1 and sTNF-R2 levels. There was a positive correlation among sEng, TNF-R1 and sTNF-2 levels. Logistic regression analysis revealed that primiparity and sEng levels are independently associated with the development of PE. Furthermore, sEng levels are independently associated with the disease severity. Conclusions: These results suggest that pregnancy is a condition associated with higher levels of anti-angiogenic and proinflammatory factors than the non-pregnant state and that PE is associated with an imbalance of these factors in the maternal circulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere97632
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 22 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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