Social Determinants of Health Data Quality at Different Levels of Geographic Detail

Melody L. Greer, Maryam Y. Garza, Steve Sample, Sudeepa Bhattacharyya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Social determinants of health (SDOH) impact 80% of health outcomes from acute to chronic disorders, and attempts are underway to provide these data elements to clinicians. It is, however, difficult to collect SDOH data through (1) surveys, which provide inconsistent and incomplete data, or (2) aggregates at the neighborhood level. Data from these sources is not sufficiently accurate, complete, and up-to-date. To demonstrate this, we have compared the Area Deprivation Index (ADI) to purchased commercial consumer data at the individual-household level. The ADI is composed of income, education, employment, and housing quality information. Although this index does a good job of representing populations, it is not adequate to describe individuals, especially in a healthcare context. Aggregate measures are, by definition, not sufficiently granular to describe each individual within the population they represent and may result in biased or imprecise data when simply assigned to the individual. Moreover, this problem is generalizable to any community-level element, not just ADI, in so far as they are an aggregate of the individual community members.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCaring is Sharing - Exploiting the Value in Data for Health and Innovation - Proceedings of MIE 2023
EditorsMaria Hagglund, Madeleine Blusi, Stefano Bonacina, Lina Nilsson, Inge Cort Madsen, Sylvia Pelayo, Anne Moen, Arriel Benis, Lars Lindskold, Parisis Gallos
PublisherIOS Press BV
Pages217-221
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781643683881
DOIs
StatePublished - May 18 2023
Externally publishedYes
Event33rd Medical Informatics Europe Conference: Caring is Sharing - Exploiting the Value in Data for Health and Innovation, MIE2023 - Gothenburg, Sweden
Duration: May 22 2023May 25 2023

Publication series

NameStudies in Health Technology and Informatics
Volume302
ISSN (Print)0926-9630
ISSN (Electronic)1879-8365

Conference

Conference33rd Medical Informatics Europe Conference: Caring is Sharing - Exploiting the Value in Data for Health and Innovation, MIE2023
Country/TerritorySweden
CityGothenburg
Period5/22/235/25/23

Keywords

  • Data Quality
  • Social Determinants of Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Information Management
  • Health Informatics
  • Biomedical Engineering

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