Smoking cessation in Texas-Mexico border communities: A quasi-experimental panel study

A. L. McAlister, Amelie G Ramirez, C. Amezcua, L. V. Pulley, M. P. Stern, S. Mercado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Smoking-related disease and injury is prominent among the numerous health problems on the U.S.-Mexico border, but little is known about the methods that might help promote smoking cessation among the low-income populations in this region. Method. Media campaigns were combined with different forms of intensive and community-wide interpersonal communication to encourage smoking cessation in a border U.S. city and in a Mexican city. Panels of moderate to heavy smokers were followed in four groups to allow quasi-experimental comparison of smoking cessation rates. Results. Over a five-year study period smoking cessation rates of 17% (self-reported) and 8% (verified) were observed in panels in the program community (N = 160). In the comparison community (N = 135) corresponding rates of smoking cessation were 7% (self-reported) and 1.5% (verified). Within the program community, no differences were observed in smoking cessation among smokers exposed to a community-wide program and those assigned to receive personal counseling. Discussion. Although the observed changes in smoking were unexpectedly small in the treatment and comparison groups, the approximately 8% effect size for the community-wide program was close to what was predicted. Results indicate that such programs may yield effects similar to those of more intensive approaches, but further research with greater statistical power will be necessary to confirm that point.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-279
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume6
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Smoking Cessation
Mexico
smoking
community
Smoking
Poverty
interpersonal communication
Non-Randomized Controlled Trials
Counseling
Communication
counseling
low income
Group
campaign
Health
Wounds and Injuries
Disease
Research
health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

McAlister, A. L., Ramirez, A. G., Amezcua, C., Pulley, L. V., Stern, M. P., & Mercado, S. (1992). Smoking cessation in Texas-Mexico border communities: A quasi-experimental panel study. American Journal of Health Promotion, 6(4), 274-279.

Smoking cessation in Texas-Mexico border communities : A quasi-experimental panel study. / McAlister, A. L.; Ramirez, Amelie G; Amezcua, C.; Pulley, L. V.; Stern, M. P.; Mercado, S.

In: American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1992, p. 274-279.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McAlister, AL, Ramirez, AG, Amezcua, C, Pulley, LV, Stern, MP & Mercado, S 1992, 'Smoking cessation in Texas-Mexico border communities: A quasi-experimental panel study', American Journal of Health Promotion, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 274-279.
McAlister, A. L. ; Ramirez, Amelie G ; Amezcua, C. ; Pulley, L. V. ; Stern, M. P. ; Mercado, S. / Smoking cessation in Texas-Mexico border communities : A quasi-experimental panel study. In: American Journal of Health Promotion. 1992 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 274-279.
@article{2b04aace124d441393b5b3824b0a3259,
title = "Smoking cessation in Texas-Mexico border communities: A quasi-experimental panel study",
abstract = "Background. Smoking-related disease and injury is prominent among the numerous health problems on the U.S.-Mexico border, but little is known about the methods that might help promote smoking cessation among the low-income populations in this region. Method. Media campaigns were combined with different forms of intensive and community-wide interpersonal communication to encourage smoking cessation in a border U.S. city and in a Mexican city. Panels of moderate to heavy smokers were followed in four groups to allow quasi-experimental comparison of smoking cessation rates. Results. Over a five-year study period smoking cessation rates of 17{\%} (self-reported) and 8{\%} (verified) were observed in panels in the program community (N = 160). In the comparison community (N = 135) corresponding rates of smoking cessation were 7{\%} (self-reported) and 1.5{\%} (verified). Within the program community, no differences were observed in smoking cessation among smokers exposed to a community-wide program and those assigned to receive personal counseling. Discussion. Although the observed changes in smoking were unexpectedly small in the treatment and comparison groups, the approximately 8{\%} effect size for the community-wide program was close to what was predicted. Results indicate that such programs may yield effects similar to those of more intensive approaches, but further research with greater statistical power will be necessary to confirm that point.",
author = "McAlister, {A. L.} and Ramirez, {Amelie G} and C. Amezcua and Pulley, {L. V.} and Stern, {M. P.} and S. Mercado",
year = "1992",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "274--279",
journal = "American Journal of Health Promotion",
issn = "0890-1171",
publisher = "American Journal of Health Promotion",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Smoking cessation in Texas-Mexico border communities

T2 - A quasi-experimental panel study

AU - McAlister, A. L.

AU - Ramirez, Amelie G

AU - Amezcua, C.

AU - Pulley, L. V.

AU - Stern, M. P.

AU - Mercado, S.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - Background. Smoking-related disease and injury is prominent among the numerous health problems on the U.S.-Mexico border, but little is known about the methods that might help promote smoking cessation among the low-income populations in this region. Method. Media campaigns were combined with different forms of intensive and community-wide interpersonal communication to encourage smoking cessation in a border U.S. city and in a Mexican city. Panels of moderate to heavy smokers were followed in four groups to allow quasi-experimental comparison of smoking cessation rates. Results. Over a five-year study period smoking cessation rates of 17% (self-reported) and 8% (verified) were observed in panels in the program community (N = 160). In the comparison community (N = 135) corresponding rates of smoking cessation were 7% (self-reported) and 1.5% (verified). Within the program community, no differences were observed in smoking cessation among smokers exposed to a community-wide program and those assigned to receive personal counseling. Discussion. Although the observed changes in smoking were unexpectedly small in the treatment and comparison groups, the approximately 8% effect size for the community-wide program was close to what was predicted. Results indicate that such programs may yield effects similar to those of more intensive approaches, but further research with greater statistical power will be necessary to confirm that point.

AB - Background. Smoking-related disease and injury is prominent among the numerous health problems on the U.S.-Mexico border, but little is known about the methods that might help promote smoking cessation among the low-income populations in this region. Method. Media campaigns were combined with different forms of intensive and community-wide interpersonal communication to encourage smoking cessation in a border U.S. city and in a Mexican city. Panels of moderate to heavy smokers were followed in four groups to allow quasi-experimental comparison of smoking cessation rates. Results. Over a five-year study period smoking cessation rates of 17% (self-reported) and 8% (verified) were observed in panels in the program community (N = 160). In the comparison community (N = 135) corresponding rates of smoking cessation were 7% (self-reported) and 1.5% (verified). Within the program community, no differences were observed in smoking cessation among smokers exposed to a community-wide program and those assigned to receive personal counseling. Discussion. Although the observed changes in smoking were unexpectedly small in the treatment and comparison groups, the approximately 8% effect size for the community-wide program was close to what was predicted. Results indicate that such programs may yield effects similar to those of more intensive approaches, but further research with greater statistical power will be necessary to confirm that point.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026561156&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026561156&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 10148752

AN - SCOPUS:0026561156

VL - 6

SP - 274

EP - 279

JO - American Journal of Health Promotion

JF - American Journal of Health Promotion

SN - 0890-1171

IS - 4

ER -