Sleep and Self-Rated Health in an Aging Workforce

Ashley Helvig Coombe, Fayron Epps, Jiwon Lee, Mei Lan Chen, Christopher C. Imes, Eileen R. Chasens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The labor force participation rate for adults aged 55 years and older has increased nearly 10% over the past two and a half decades. As workers age, they frequently experience increased chronic health conditions and impaired sleep, which may negatively influence their self-rated health (SRH) and work performance. This study aimed to examine the associations between nonrestorative sleep (NRS) and work performance (i.e., difficulty concentrating or having lower productivity at work) and associations between demographic and sleep characteristics with SRH in middle-aged workers. We conducted a secondary data analysis among working middle-aged adults 50 to 65 years of age (N = 392) from the 2008 Sleep in America Poll. Respondents frequently reported impaired sleep such as frequent insomnia symptoms, NRS, and short sleep duration. Nonrestorative sleep was associated with decreased work performance such as trouble organizing work, doing work over due to mistakes, and lower productivity. Nonrestorative sleep and short sleep duration were significantly associated with lower SRH. Strategies for the early detection of impaired sleep and implementation of interventions to improve sleep may improve SRH and work performance in working middle-aged adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-310
Number of pages9
JournalWorkplace Health and Safety
Volume67
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aging workforce
  • impaired sleep
  • nonrestorative sleep
  • self-rated health
  • sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)

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