Whole 3 g extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles of cats were autotransplanted. The EDL muscles were either transplanted without denervation prior to transplantation (normal transplants) or denervated 3 to 4 weeks prior to transplantation (pre-denervated transplants). A few peripheral skeletal muscle fibers survived transplantation but most fibers degenerated and then regenerated as the transplant became revascularized. Both normal and pre-denervated muscles regenerated successfully and by 50 days after transplantation fibers which had reinnervated showed high and low myofibrillar ATPase activity. Compared to controls, the smaller mean fiber cross-sectional area of the transplants was due to the large number of small fibers, but some fibers in the transplant were larger than any fibers observed in the controls. Transplants regained 57 percent of the muscle mass of the controls. Contraction and half relaxation times of transplanted muscles were slower than controls, but peak isometric tetanus tension per cm2 of muscle was nearly normal. Fifty to 170 days after transplantation, muscles showed low oxidative capacity and fatigued rapidly.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)