Three genes, namely, ELAC2 (HPC2 locus) on chromosome 17p11, 2′-5′-oligoisoadenlyate-synthetasedependent ribonuclease L (RNASEL, HPC1 locus), and macrophage scavenger receptor 1 (MSR1) within a region of linkage on chromosome 8p, have been identified as hereditary tumor suppressor genes in prostate cancer. We genotyped 41 tagged single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) covering the three genes in a case-control cohort, which included 1,436 Caucasians, 648 Hispanics, and 270 African Americans. SNPs within MSR1, ELAC2, and RNASEL were significantly associated with risk of prostate cancer albeit with differences among the three ethnic groups (P = 0.043-1.0 x 10 -5). In Caucasians, variants within MSR1 and ELAC2 are most likely to confer prostate cancer risk, and rs11545302 (ELAC2) showed a main effect independent of other significant SNPs (P = 2.03 x 10-5). A major haplotype G-A-C-G-C-G combining five SNPs within MSR1 was further shown to increase prostate cancer risk significantly in this study group. Variants in RNASEL had the strongest effects on prostate cancer risk estimates in Hispanics and also showed an interaction effect of family history. In African Americans, single SNPs within MSR1 were significantly associated with prostate cancer risk. A major risk haplotype C-G-G-C-G of five SNPs within ELAC2 was found in this group. Combining high-risk genotypes of MSR1 and ELAC2 in Caucasians and of RNASEL and MSR1 in Hispanics showed synergistic effects and suggest that an interaction between both genes in each ethnicity is likely to confer prostate cancer risk. Our findings corroborate the involvement of ELAC2, MSR1, and RNASEL in the etiology of prostate cancer even in individuals without a family history.
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