Transformation of cultured cells with simian virus 40 (SV40), or transfection with the early region of the SV40 genome, causes a significant increase in both the rate of signal-mediated nuclear transport and the functional size of the transport channels (located in the pore complexes). By microinjecting purified large tumor (T) antigen into the cytoplasm of murine BALB/c 3T3 cells, we have demonstrated that this protein alone can account for the increase in transport capacity. The T antigen-dependent changes can be partially inhibited by cycloheximide and require a functional nuclear localization sequence. Although necessary, the nuclear localization sequence by itself cannot produce the observed variations in nuclear permeability and presumably functions in a "helper" capacity, in association with another, as yet unidentified domain.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1992|
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