Shared cadaver donor-husband HLA class I mismatches as a risk factor for renal graft rejection in previously pregnant women

Marilyn S. Pollack, Hernan M. Trimarchi, Daniel J. Riley, Paul R. Casperson, Luis E. Manyari, Wadi N. Suki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

During the last few years, we have observed four cases in which accelerated rejection of a cadaver donor kidney in a previously pregnant woman could be clearly attributed to the rapid emergence of anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies that had been stimulated by mismatched paternal antigens but were completely undetectable at the time of transplantation. In addition to reviewing those cases, we also reviewed data on 19 other women with a history of at least one pregnancy who underwent transplantation with a first cadaveric kidney since 1991 and were followed for at least six months. The HLA antigens of the husbands had to have been determined and all accelerated rejection or early graft losses due to confirmed or presumed immunological causes were considered. Of the 19 additional women meeting these inclusion criteria, three suffered early immunological graft loss. As in our index cases, two of these women had also received kidneys from donors who shared at least one major immunogenic mismatched antigen with the respective husband for a total of six of seven women with early immunological graft loss. Only one of the 16 women without accelerated rejection or early immunological graft loss had a donor who shared a mismatched antigen with her husband. The difference between the two groups is statistically significant (p = 0.0005). These findings, considered with individual cases reported by other groups, indicate that transplantation from a cadaver donor with immunogenic mismatched class I HLA antigen(s) shared with the husband should be avoided in women with a previous history of pregnancy even when anti-HLA antibodies are not currently detected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1150-1155
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Immunology
Volume60
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1999

Keywords

  • Cadaver donor
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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