Sequential development of aneuploidy, keratin modifications, and 7-glutamyltransferase expression in mouse skin papillomas

C. M. Aldaz, C. J. Conti, F. Larcher, D. Trono, D. R. Roop, J. Chesner, T. Whitehead, T. J. Slaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


To elucidate the role and timing of expression of different premalignant and malignant markers in tumor promotion, we correlated alterations in keratin patterns and γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) expression with the chromosomal status of individual mouse skin papillomas. Papillomas were induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene initiation and 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate promotion. Individual tumors were randomly sampled at 20 and 35 weeks of promotion. Each tumor was cytogenetically analyzed and serial paraffin sections were used for GGT detection, immunoblotting, and immunohistochemistry studies. Monospecific antibodies elicited against keratins K1 (M, 67,000) and K14 (Mr 55,000) were used to analyze keratin modifications. Most tumors at 20 weeks of promotion, although exhibiting aneuploidy, still presented high levels of the K1 differentiation-associated keratin. Later during promotion those tumors bearing the highest aneuploidy indexes were those that showed a marked decrease in or absence of the K1 protein. Furthermore, those same tumors with the highest levels of genomic alterations also exhibited foci of GGT activity. These results support the idea that the majority of papillomas under continuous promotion are progressing toward malignancy. Aneuploidy seems to precede detectable keratin modifications, and GGT activity appears to be the latest marker to be expressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3253-3257
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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