New neuroimaging studies provide striking evidence that the cerebellum is intensely and selectively active during sensory and cognitive tasks, even in the absence of explicit or implicit motor behavior. Focal activity is observed in the lateral cerebellar hemispheres during the processing of auditory, visual, cutaneous, spatial, and tactile information, and in anterior medial cerebellar regions during somatomotor behavior. Moreover, a double dissociation exists between (a) cerebellar activity and sensory processing and (b) motor behavior and activity in known motor areas in the cerebral cortex. These findings contradict the classical motor coordination theory of cerebellar function but are predicted by, or are at least consistent with, new alternative theories.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience