Autoeficacia, desesperanza aprendida e incapacidad funcional en pacientes con diagnóstico de artritis reumatoide

Translated title of the contribution: Self-efficacy, learned helplessness, and functional discapacity in patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis

Stefano Vinaccia, Francoise Contreras, Lina Marcela Restrepo Londoño, José Cadena, Juan Manuel Anaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this descriptive study was to study the relation between self efficacy and learned helplessness, and the levels of functional incapacity in patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and thus determine the role of psychological factors in the patient's adaptation to this illness. The investigation involved 79 patients in treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, ages 41 yo 60 years. The Activities of Daily Living was applied. Also the index of RAI and the Scale of Self-efficacy for Arthritis. It was found that perceived self efficacy has a negative correlation wit helplessness, pain and functional incapacity. At the sometime, these three variables relate in a positive form. From the preceding it can be concluded that adequate self efficacy permits a more favorable attitude toward the illness and an adaptation to the lifestyle changes brought on by it. Helplessness, for its part, relates to pain, and pain relates with incapacity, from which one can infer an indirect relation to helplessness. The results of this investigation confirm the significant weight of psychological variables have concerning adaptation to rheumatoid arthritis. Taking these variables into account, it may be potentially possible to modify the experience at this illness.

Translated title of the contributionSelf-efficacy, learned helplessness, and functional discapacity in patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)129-142
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology
Volume5
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Descriptive study
  • Functional incapacity
  • Learned helplessness
  • Pain
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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