School social cohesion, student-school connectedness, and bullying in Colombian adolescents

Andrew E. Springer, Maria Clara Cuevas Jaramillo, Yamileth Ortiz Gómez, Katie Case, Anna Wilkinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: Student-school connectedness is inversely associated with multiple health risk behaviors, yet research is limited on the relative contributions of a student’s connectedness with school and an overall context of school social cohesion to peer victimization/bullying. Purpose: We examined associations of perceived school cohesion and student-school connectedness with physical victimization, verbal victimization, and social exclusion in the past six months in adolescents in grades 6–11 (N = 774) attending 11 public and private urban schools in Colombia. Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire and analyzed using mixed-effects linear regression models. Results: Higher perceived school cohesion was inversely related with exposure to three bullying types examined (p < 0.05); student-school connectedness was negatively related to verbal victimization among girls only (p < 0.01). In full models, school cohesion maintained inverse associations with three bullying types after controlling for student-school connectedness (p ≤ 0.05). Conclusion: Enhancing school cohesion may hold benefits for bullying prevention beyond a student’s individual school connectedness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-48
Number of pages12
JournalGlobal Health Promotion
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Latin America
  • adolescents and youth
  • assets/protective factors
  • resilience
  • school setting
  • social networks
  • social support
  • violence prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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