Schizophrenia among hispanics

Epidemiology, phenomenology, course, and outcome

Albana M Dassori, Alexander L Miller, Delia Saldana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of studies point to the influence of culture and ethnicity on the presentation and course of schizophrenia. In general, a relatively powerful influence of environmental factors is identified. This article reviews the literature on schizophrenia among Hispanics in the United States and uses the results of this review as a basis for identifying directions for future study. Research is divided into three major areas: epidemiology, phenomenology, and illness course and outcome. Ethnic comparisons suggest similar prevalence rates of schizophrenia. However, differences in illness phenomenology between certain subgroups of Hispanics are also observed. Moreover, culture can affect various aspects of the illness process, including illness definition, help-seeking behavior, response to treatment, and posttreatment adjustment. Proposed guidelines to direct future research ventures include (1) better delineation of the sociocultural attributes of the group under study, (2) validation of assessment instruments across ethnic groups, (3) use of innovative approaches to assess incidence and prevalence, (4) incorporation of qualitative methodology, (5) use of illness behavior models to provide a conceptual framework to guide investigations, and (6) integration of cross-cultural and biological studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-312
Number of pages10
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

Fingerprint

epidemiology
schizophrenia
Epidemiology
Phenomenology
phenomenology
Hispanic Americans
Schizophrenia
Environmental Factors
Illness Behavior
Social Adjustment
Incidence
Adjustment
delineation
Validation Studies
Attribute
Subgroup
subgroups
Ethnic Groups
Methodology
incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Radiation
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Schizophrenia among hispanics : Epidemiology, phenomenology, course, and outcome. / Dassori, Albana M; Miller, Alexander L; Saldana, Delia.

In: Schizophrenia Bulletin, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1995, p. 303-312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dassori, Albana M ; Miller, Alexander L ; Saldana, Delia. / Schizophrenia among hispanics : Epidemiology, phenomenology, course, and outcome. In: Schizophrenia Bulletin. 1995 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 303-312.
@article{64263dc289594673aac5ca1f6a08d1b3,
title = "Schizophrenia among hispanics: Epidemiology, phenomenology, course, and outcome",
abstract = "A number of studies point to the influence of culture and ethnicity on the presentation and course of schizophrenia. In general, a relatively powerful influence of environmental factors is identified. This article reviews the literature on schizophrenia among Hispanics in the United States and uses the results of this review as a basis for identifying directions for future study. Research is divided into three major areas: epidemiology, phenomenology, and illness course and outcome. Ethnic comparisons suggest similar prevalence rates of schizophrenia. However, differences in illness phenomenology between certain subgroups of Hispanics are also observed. Moreover, culture can affect various aspects of the illness process, including illness definition, help-seeking behavior, response to treatment, and posttreatment adjustment. Proposed guidelines to direct future research ventures include (1) better delineation of the sociocultural attributes of the group under study, (2) validation of assessment instruments across ethnic groups, (3) use of innovative approaches to assess incidence and prevalence, (4) incorporation of qualitative methodology, (5) use of illness behavior models to provide a conceptual framework to guide investigations, and (6) integration of cross-cultural and biological studies.",
author = "Dassori, {Albana M} and Miller, {Alexander L} and Delia Saldana",
year = "1995",
doi = "10.1093/schbul/21.2.303",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "303--312",
journal = "Schizophrenia Bulletin",
issn = "0586-7614",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Schizophrenia among hispanics

T2 - Epidemiology, phenomenology, course, and outcome

AU - Dassori, Albana M

AU - Miller, Alexander L

AU - Saldana, Delia

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - A number of studies point to the influence of culture and ethnicity on the presentation and course of schizophrenia. In general, a relatively powerful influence of environmental factors is identified. This article reviews the literature on schizophrenia among Hispanics in the United States and uses the results of this review as a basis for identifying directions for future study. Research is divided into three major areas: epidemiology, phenomenology, and illness course and outcome. Ethnic comparisons suggest similar prevalence rates of schizophrenia. However, differences in illness phenomenology between certain subgroups of Hispanics are also observed. Moreover, culture can affect various aspects of the illness process, including illness definition, help-seeking behavior, response to treatment, and posttreatment adjustment. Proposed guidelines to direct future research ventures include (1) better delineation of the sociocultural attributes of the group under study, (2) validation of assessment instruments across ethnic groups, (3) use of innovative approaches to assess incidence and prevalence, (4) incorporation of qualitative methodology, (5) use of illness behavior models to provide a conceptual framework to guide investigations, and (6) integration of cross-cultural and biological studies.

AB - A number of studies point to the influence of culture and ethnicity on the presentation and course of schizophrenia. In general, a relatively powerful influence of environmental factors is identified. This article reviews the literature on schizophrenia among Hispanics in the United States and uses the results of this review as a basis for identifying directions for future study. Research is divided into three major areas: epidemiology, phenomenology, and illness course and outcome. Ethnic comparisons suggest similar prevalence rates of schizophrenia. However, differences in illness phenomenology between certain subgroups of Hispanics are also observed. Moreover, culture can affect various aspects of the illness process, including illness definition, help-seeking behavior, response to treatment, and posttreatment adjustment. Proposed guidelines to direct future research ventures include (1) better delineation of the sociocultural attributes of the group under study, (2) validation of assessment instruments across ethnic groups, (3) use of innovative approaches to assess incidence and prevalence, (4) incorporation of qualitative methodology, (5) use of illness behavior models to provide a conceptual framework to guide investigations, and (6) integration of cross-cultural and biological studies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029154163&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029154163&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/schbul/21.2.303

DO - 10.1093/schbul/21.2.303

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 303

EP - 312

JO - Schizophrenia Bulletin

JF - Schizophrenia Bulletin

SN - 0586-7614

IS - 2

ER -